The question of what kind of skin type a person has can raise some eyebrows but it is one of the most important questions that must be asked by any physician when his or her advice about skin care products is needed. It’s not only a matter of balance between the moisturizing and oily agents that determine your skin type. It is also that at the age of 30 the skin is completely different than what it was at the age of 20.
Furthermore, an individual’s skin can behave one way during the winter and a completely different way during the summer. Therefore, to best determine the needs to take care of the skin, it’s condition must be assessed very regularly as it can come down to what it needs right now, which can be different from what it will need next week.
Let’s begin with the introduction of the skin types:
What determines each ones skin type is the activity of the sebaceous glands and the production of the natural skin lubricant called sebum. More production than the normal levels leads to oily skin. Less sebum means drier skin.
Practically determining your skin is a rather easy process. The best thing to do is wash your face using a gentle cleanser and pat it dry. If there is any make-up please remove it. This is a process best performed at the end of the day and you need not to over wash. Allow for an hour for the skin to return to its normal condition. During this hour you should do what you normally do and not touch your face.
After an hour dab the T-zone (the area of the forehead and the nose). If:
- There is no oil or flaking and the skin feels smooth and supple, it’s normal.
- There is grease on the tissue, the skin is shining and the pores are large, then the skin is oily.
- The skin feels rigid, it shows flakes and the pores are small, then the skin is dry.
- If any combination of the above is present that your skin is mixed.
But the above distinction is only part of the equation that tells the state of your skin. All four types can also be:
Which means that it reacts and displays redness, itchiness or develop rashes with the use of regular skin care products.
This mostly happens to oily skins but it can happen to every kind to develop pimples and the rest of the acne symptoms.
There are various reasons that your skin may lack water. Even oily skins can be dehydrated.
This is not a matter of age. It is a matter of photoaging, i.e. the exposure to the sun.
This is caused by increased levels of melanin and can happen to any type of skin.
Determining all the above may mean the difference from a good looking skin to a great looking skin. It does not necessarily mean special treatments and medical products. It may just mean adjusting the skin care products you use to more appropriate ones.