Skin discoloration is often a problem for many people. There are a few different causes, and as you can imagine there are many different treatment options that are currently available to help combat this issue. We would like to share information on both of these topics with you below.
The Causes and Treatments of Discoloration of Skin
Are you beginning to notice patches of discolored skin on your body? If so, you are probably becoming concerned about this condition. Skin cancer rates are currently on the rise, so it’s in your best interest to pay close attention to the color and texture of your skin, just in case these changes could potentially be harmful for your health. (Read more about that on this page as it’s something you should know about.)
The great thing to understand is that there are a number of different treatment options available for those experiencing skin discoloration changes. These products have the ability to fix uneven skin tones like red spots, dark spots, sunspots, uneven discoloration and blotchiness.
In order to have a better understanding of why discoloration of skin occurs, it makes sense to learn more about the skin and how it maintains color.
Simply put, the outer layer of the skin – known as the epidermis – contains cells known as melanocytes. Although these cells do have numerous functions, one of their specific jobs – and thankfully so – is to protect our skin. As far as skin protection from the sun is concerned, melanocytes perform their protective duties by darkening the pigment of the skin with a substance called melanin.
It’s the melanin that makes skin look darker during sun exposure. Unfortunately, at times our bodies will stop producing melanin in certain areas of the skin, or it might produce too much of the substance. At other times, discoloration of the skin can even affect the entire body.
The Main Causes of Skin Discoloration
As mentioned, there are a few different causes for discoloration of skin. They include:
- Vitiligo – this condition occurs because the body stops producing melanin and creates discolored patches across the skin.
- Skin cancer – melanoma has the ability to present itself in a number of different ways. If skin discoloration occurs and changes the texture of your skin, the shape or the color, then it’s best to speak with the doctor to rule out potential skin cancer.
- Melasma – this condition is caused by the body irregularly producing estrogen and progesterone. Pregnant women most often experience this issue.
- Sun exposure – the human body can develop small, dark blotches on the skin due to excessive sun exposure. These blotches are known as liver spots. Although they are certainly not dangerous, they can flare up and cause skin discoloration.
Discoloration of Skin Treatment Options
- Products for skin care – there are numerous skin care products available on the market today. Many of these wonderful products have the ability to fight against skin discoloration. (When we identify a leader, we’ll link you to it.)
- Skin resurfacing – this includes treatments such as chemical peels, laser surgery and microdermabrasion.
- Surgical options – some conditions are more difficult to overcome than others, and they will often require surgical intervention. Speak with a doctor to find out more information.