The medical condition that we typically know as pimples is called acne vulgaris. This skin disease involves the base of the hair follicles and the oil glands. More often than not, acne will occur during the pubescent years, but it does not mean that you will not suffer from these skin blemishes later on in life as an adult.

Most importantly, you should know that the sebaceous glands come to life and wake up during the teenage puberty years. For both males and females, the adrenal glands will produce male hormones that will stimulate the growth of acne on in places that nobody really wishes to have these unsightly blemishes.

A photo of extreme acne and an ongoing treatment plan to get rid of it.
A photo of extreme acne and an ongoing treatment plan to get rid of it.

One point that we really want to get across is that acne is never going to be dangerous to your health for any reason. The downside to this common skin condition is that it can leave scars, and nobody wants to have scars on their face, neck or even other parts of their body.

Our pores are tiny holes in the human skin and they are connected to our hair follicles. When sebum is produced by our skin glands, this oily liquid was designed to actually carry dead skin cells out of the body through the pores. When the pores get clogged, the sebum cannot properly do its job and this is how pimples are developed.

We will now go into greater detail about acne and how it can affect you. We will cover the following areas:

  • what is acne
  • what causes acne
  • acne types
  • how to eliminate acne

We have our work cut out for us today, but when you walk away you will have a much better understanding of this unfortunate skin condition.

What Is Acne?

Acne, also known as pimples, typically appears on the neck, chest, shoulders, face and back. To put it simply and make it easier to understand, your skin cells, hair and sebum can clump together. When they do they will form a blockage over your pores, and then this clog becomes infected with bacteria and ultimately results in the swelling that we have come to know as pimples.

What Causes Acne?

After all this time, you’d think we would have an easy answer to this question, but unfortunately we do not. Because the truth is that nobody really knows and understands what causes this condition or why it happens.

But there are certain theories on the topic, and we will share this information with you now.

Many experts actually believe that acne is primarily caused by an increase in the levels of androgen, which is a hormone that is secreted during the ages of puberty. This hormone will begin to rise in the human body as a child becomes an adolescent.

Rising levels of androgen are linked to the oil glands which help the skin to grow. By producing an excessive amount of oil, typically caused by the boost in androgen, the skin will often create acne in the form of pimples, blackheads, whiteheads and more.

Studies now say that genetics could play a role in the susceptibility of pimples. Certain forms of medication are also being blamed as well as greasy cosmetics. In truth, getting acne is probably a cause of one or more of these situations combining to create a potent cocktail of pimples.

The Various Types of Acne

As you are about to learn, acne comes in many shapes and forms. The different types include:

  • Whiteheads – this type of acne will actually remain under the skin. It is very small to notice, and a lot easier on the eyes than some of the other types.
  • Cysts – acne cysts will form on the surface of the skin and they are very clear to see. They are filled with pus and quite painful. Unfortunately, these cysts also have the ability to create scars.  (Related reading:  all you need to know about skin cancer.)
  • Nobules – this type of pimple is also very clear to see on the surface of the skin. They are solid and large pimples, and are often painful because they are embedded in the skin very deeply.
  • Blackheads – blackheads are clearly visible blemishes on the skin. Even though it may seem like blackheads are caused by dirt and a lack of cleanliness, this is not true. By scrubbing your skin vigorously, the only thing you’ll really accomplish is to irritate the area and make it more of a focal point for others to pay attention to.  (Related reading:  how to get rid of blackheads.)
  • Pustules – this type of acne is red at the base and clearly visible on the skin, plus they also have pus within them at the top of the zit.
  • Papules – they are small and pink bumps that are quite noticeable on the skin surface.

How to Get Rid of Acne

Obviously, if you are here because you have acne, then one of the most important things that you’ll want to know is how to get rid of this condition. Nobody wants to live with acne if they do not have to.

Some potential treatment options include:

  • Sulfur – this potent ingredient can help break down whiteheads and blackheads, and when used in its native form, it looks like a solid yellow crystal. Sulfur has many potential skin uses and it even helps to fight against eczema and psoriasis.
  • Azelaic acid – this acid has the ability to strengthen the cells of the follicles and stop eruptions of oil from creating acne. It also has the ability to reduce the growth of bacteria and is quite effective.
  • Benzoyl peroxide – this substance is great because it helps to kill bacteria. But not only that, it also has the ability to slow down the production of oil in the glands. It also has the ability to work as a peeling agent, and this will help clear the pores, create new skin and eliminate pimples at the same time.
  • Salicylic acid – this acid is quite beneficial when it comes to breaking down inflammation that causes whiteheads and blackheads. It also helps to reduce the production of oil glands and it can treat swelling as well.

Find over-the-counter products or take doctor prescribed medications that contain these ingredients to fight back against unwanted acne.

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